- Trout & Salmon Basics
"Trout and salmon have long
been considered superior gamefish, the ultimate in wariness and fighting
ability. In years past, many anglers regarded them as the only true gamefish.
Unfortunately, this wary nature has led to the popular notion that the
fish are superintelligent, and therefore extremely difficult for the average
angler to catch. But there is no evidence to indicate they are more intelligent
than other gamefish species.
The notion is reinforced when anglers see feeding trout being "put
down" by even the slightest movement or vibration. But this instinctive
reaction should not be confused with intelligence. Like any other fish,
trout become conditioned to flee for cover to avoid predators. As soon
as they hatch, trout face attacks from predatory insects, crayfish and
As they grow older, they are attacked by larger fish and by kingfishers,
herons and other predatory birds. Most stream fishermen have seen dead
trout along the bank with gaping beak wounds in their heads. The wariness
of trout also results from natural selection; those that lack wariness
do not live to reproduce.
What distinguishes trout and salmon from other gamefish is their preference
for cold water."
- Stream-Dwelling Trout & Salmon
- Feeding & Growth
- Spawning Behavior
- Hatchery Trout vs. Wild Trout
- Understanding Moving Water
- Reading the Water